Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by an overabundance of blood sugar due to insufficient insulin production in the pancreas or inability of the body to use insulin.
Typically, there are no symptoms. Usually, it is found on a routine blood test or patient being seen for unrelated condition. However, accumulation of sugar leads to excessive thirst, excessive urination, fatigue and other symptoms. Uncontrolled diabetes over periods of time causes hardening of the arteries and consequently heart attack and stroke.
Two types of Diabetes:
Diabetes type-1: It results from an inability of the pancreas to produce enough insulin. This is much less common and it is mostly in seen children but adults can be affected too.
Diabetes type-II: This is the most common form and it results from insulin resistance, which itself results from excessive consumption of carbohydrates in the form of sugar, white flower, potatoes, rice, oats and other grains. Besides insulin other factors that affect sugar metabolism include low thyroid, low male hormones, mineral deficiencies like magnesium deficiency, calcium and B-complex deficiencies.
It consists of oral hypoglycemic medicines like metformin and glipizide. For more severe diabetes insulin may be prescribed.
Healthy diet, low in carb, high in fiber and good fats. The low carb diet is needed in both type-II and type-I diabetes. Causes should be sorted and treated accordingly. For example, male hormone deficiency to be treated with male hormone replacement therapy, hypothyroidism to be treated with appropriate amount of natural thyroid in the form of Armour Thyroid. Magnesium deficiency is common. It should be treated with magnesium 300-600mg daily, provided you do not have chronic kidney disease. Other nutrient supplementation in the form of zinc, chromium, vanadium may be needed. Among herbal supplements, the most important is Gymnema Sylvestre, Ayurvedic herb that significantly lowers blood sugar levels.